Let's face it. Interest rates have a lot to do with the cost of homes right now, in Toronto and most of the country. We live in the golden age of low interest rates. Ask anyone who owned a house in the 1980s, and they will not hesitate to remind you that interest rates were once in the double digits. This story will often be told as a cautionary tale warning today's homeowners that interest rates can rise again.
...And I'm sure they will some day. I doubt we will see double digits any time soon or a great number of people would lose their homes, and the economy would be in a whole lot of trouble. Not a great move by the government.
Still, I don't need to remind most people that these low interest rates have never been so low. Buyers often qualify for larger mortgages at a lower interest rates. Because of that, they are able to spend more money on a new property, and there is more competition at higher price points.
Recently, the Federal government has been under some pressure to tame the stubbornly buoyant Toronto and Vancouver housing markets. If the markets in these cities won't cool themselves, then the Federal government believes it should step in and help, or as some people see it, interfere.
For many of the past five years, condos in Toronto and Vancouver used to be the housing villain. They were the poster boys of a housing market on the brink of a collapse. Constant fodder for real estate doomsayers and cranky anonymous blog commenters. They were apparently in oversupply and at risk of taking the Canadian economy south - and I don't mean for a nice winter vacation.
These days, condos don't seem to be the bad guys any more. They have had reasonable gains in Toronto and Vancouver. The new villains seem to be detached houses that have been on a tear for the past decade often rising in the double digits each year. Right now, the average detached Toronto home is at roughly a million dollars. In Vancouver, it is closer to $1.6 million. So, we're not seeing a lot of starter homes here.
Some see this as a new reality in these cities, which have become international cities, and for better or for worse, have had much more investment from overseas that may have contributed to the higher prices, particularly in Vancouver.
An easy way for governments to control the housing market would be to raise interest rates. Of course, interest rates are not just here to influence the housing sector, but the entire Canadian economy. So, the government has to take into account if a higher interest rate would positively influence the oil sector, or the manufacturing sector or exports in general. There is a lot to consider beside the real estate market. With oil prices falling, the government may be inclined to lower interest rates again, even into negative territory, to prop up the economy.
Also, the housing market is not exactly performing the same all over the country. In fact, property prices are dropping in Calgary and Edmonton, and flatlining in many other cities. So, an interest rate hike may send prices even further down in these cities adding stress to an already lacklustre or faltering local economy.
Yes, it appears that the rising home prices and high cost of living in Toronto and Vancouver have led to a dilemma for the Federal Government. Raising interest rates to tame the markets in Toronto and Vancouver would certainly not benefit the country as a whole.
Of course, that doesn't stop the government from creating other obstacles for buyers in an attempt to tame the wild beasts of Toronto and Vancouver. Right now, they are considering raising the minimum down payment on insured mortgages from 5% to 10 %. Personally, I don't think this will change much in the Toronto and Vancouver markets, but at least the government could say they are doing something.
Some other countries like New Zealand are going much further to contain their runaway real estate prices. Their government has proposed a 30% minimum down payment only for the city of Aukland and only on properties that are investments. The New Zealand governor who has forwarded this idea states; ""The objective of this policy is to promote financial stability by reducing the rate of increase in Auckland house prices, and to improve the resilience of the banking system to a potential downturn in the Auckland housing market."
It's an interesting idea. Instead of focusing on the country as a whole, New Zealand is proposing tougher mortgage qualifications for one major city, not the entire country. Furthermore, it only targets investors. Unlike Canada, New Zealand keeps track of overseas investors, and according to their statistics, there are many overseas investors who buy up properties in Auckland because it is a stable economy and sound investment. Unfortunately, this means more competition and higher prices. So, the government is trying to target investors, domestic and foreign alike, to keep prices more reasonable.
I'm not saying I agree with such a proposal or that the government should get involved with the housing market, but I do think there is something smart here. It may be wise to create policies specific to certain cities or local economies. Real estate at a national level is very hard to navigate. One policy could possibly tame the property process for boom towns while really causing damages in more vulnerable markets.